The economy of Bangladesh is based on agriculture (fishing, rice farming, jute production, and tea cultivation), manufacturing (textiles, garments, pharmaceuticals, and light engineering), and services. The main exports are textiles and garments, shrimp, jute goods, and leather products. The main imports are capital goods, food, oil, and materials for manufacturing.
The official language is Bangla (Bengali), which is spoken by about 98% of the population. English is also spoken.
The population is Muslim (89%).
Bangladesh is a parliamentary democracy. The president is the head of state, and the prime minister is the head of government. The parliament has 300 members, who are elected by popular vote.